Background

In heuristics, an unshakable connection exists between what is out there, in its appearance and reality, and what is within me in reflective thought, feeling, and awareness. (Moustakas, 1990, p. 11)

Heuristic research developed from the work of Clark Moustakas, an American psychologist in the humanistic tradition. Heavily influenced by Abraham Maslow’s theories of self-actualization and human potential, Moustakas’ early works, prior to the establishment of heuristic methodology, explored the lived experience of loneliness (Moustakas, 1961; 1972). Curious to understand the “self as researcher”, Moustakas integrated, and purposed, the seminal works of Buber (1958; 1961; 1965), Jourard (1968; 1971), and Polanyi (1964; 1966; 1969) into the development of heuristic methods.